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January 23, 2019

I am a Transplant - and other "Expat-Related" Terms

Top of the mountain!
On one of the first meetup hikes I attended in Salt Lake City hosted by Utah Outdoors,  I heard this discussion,

Person 1: "So are you originally from Salt Lake City?"
Person 2: "Nope, I'm a transplant."
Person 3: "I'm a transplant, too...."

And, then and there I learned a new word, or at least an already established word used in a way I never heard it used before. I knew I couldn't be an expat in Salt Lake City since I was an American citizen. I could be a newcomer; though someday, that would fade away. Maybe transplant also could mean a person who's moved in domestically, and is trying to put down new roots. Which it seems many of the people in the group were trying to do. In any case, even if they do move someday, I guess you can be a temporary transplant. I heard on an insurance commercial recently, Americans live in an average of 19 different houses in their lifetimes. I think I have already surpassed that.

Hence, I have become one of the thousands of 'transplants to Salt Lake City.' 

And, that fateful day I too learned I was a transplant, I transplanted myself next to that tree in the picture you see above, 930 feet up a 1.3 mile climb- the first hike I did in Salt Lake City, and not the easiest- the iconic Living Room Hike! Gosh I thought I was gonna die that day. 

Should I ask others "Are you originally from here?" 
In these times, I was also surprised to hear someone asking another person if they were originally from Salt Lake City or Utah, because I know some people are sensitive to this question because they can interpret it to mean that the asker thinks they aren't or couldn't possibly be a US citizen. I try to be sensitive to different people and have tried to avoid asking this question. Though, somehow in Salt Lake City downtown (not towns like Provo or Logan or outlier towns), this is a very common conversation opener which leads to a lot of small talk conversations.



Expat, Migrant, Transplant? Have I been all of these?

I actually find the term 'transplants' comical. I am not sure what a good alternative would be. I am from central New York, and have lived in various cities in New York State, and out of state - Boston, Massachusetts, and now, Salt Lake City. I have also lived abroad in Chennai and Kochi, India. 

When I lived in Boston, I guess I had no idea how long I'd live there (turned out to be only a year), so I just thought of myself as a newcomer. It was a big city, and no one really used to ask me where I was from. I guess they assumed I wasn't from Boston since I did not paaaak my cawww near the bawww. Sorry, that had to be done! 


When I lived in various cities in New York, I thought of myself as a newcomer because I did not know the term transplant. I suppose I would have thought of myself as a transplant in most of those cases because I was trying to build a community and make some kind of life for myself in those places that was semi-long-term (more than a few years). 


Going to the bank on Onam in Kerala.
And, what about my life in India. Well maybe by just looking at me, many assumed I was a foreigner. So, therefore a visitor, a tourist, or an expat? My first two and a half year stay in Chennai, I was an international student (not study abroad), on a student visa. But, who was looking? My second, most recent stay of six and a half years in Kochi, I was certainly an expat. Though some may have considered me something like a Permanent Resident as I held a PIO card, now, OCI card. This is something similar to an American Green Card. Many people in India are curious about why foreigners like to live in India. Sometimes when you are just trying to live a normal day, you will be asked to light the official oil lamp for Onam at your local bank (pictured). Local media in the state of Kerala like the Malayala Manorama, The Indian Express, Deccan Chronicle and Vanitha really liked to write about expats in India like me! So, there, especially in my last stay, I was most certainly an expat, but also I consider myself a transplant because of the fact I am also married into an Indian family and feel a connection to the place I lived, and still feel that!

Migrant, not Transplant was a Common Word used in India
Where we lived in India, there were a lot of people who moved into Kochi from other parts of India for IT and other types of work, like construction. I had heard the term 'migrant workers' used, but wasn't sure if migrant referred to anyone who was an outsider coming into Kochi or only people working in certain jobs. However, recently, I have seen a Facebook page called Migrants of Kochi, which seems to have a lot of techies subscribed to it. I was quite certain the term 'migrants' would not be used in the US as I hadn't heard this in any other circles I had been in. So possibly if we translate American English to Indian English, 'transplant' and 'migrant' could be used interchangeably as someone who moves domestically within their own country and may or may not put down roots, may or may not live there long term, but wants to explore the possibilities of that. 

What is a Transplant? And, a collection of other Expat-Related Terms
In my own exploration of terms we use to describe people who move domestically or internationally, these are the terms I know so far.
  • Expat: A person who lives outside their native country (My thought, also a person who doesn't intend to or is unable to change their citizenship to their host country. For example, some Indians who live in some Middle Eastern countries are permanent expats as the country won't allow foreign born persons with no ties to the country to naturalize.) 
  • Immigrant: A person who moves or goes to another country with the intent to change their citizenship to their host country.
  • Inpat: An employee of a multinational company who is from a foreign country, but is transferred from a foreign subsidiary to the corporation's headquarters (Wikionary).
  • Migrant: Someone who moves from one place to another place- could be within their own country (internal migration) or to another country (external migration)
  • Newcomer: New to a town or area.
  • Repatriate: A person who voluntarily or forcibly is returns to their home country. (For example, during the Gulf War, there were many Indian expats, specifically many Non-Resident Keralites, in Kuwait. Many were forced to return home to [Kerala] India, against their will. Many from Kerala faced this fate, becoming refugees in their own country.) 
  • Transplant: Someone who's new or may not be new, but is from somewhere else in the same country. 

Have I missed anything? Feel free to share your thoughts in the comments below. 

Jennifer Kumar, current transplant in Salt Lake City is enjoying learning about the "Western" culture of the USA. She also provides cross-cultural coaching and training to those who work on virtual teams, come to the US on business, work with Americans, or work with professionals in India. Let's talk about how we can work with your team to build successful relationships across multiple geographies, time zones and cultures! 

Related Posts:
Who or what is a New American? 
What is it like to live in another country? 
The split personality feeling of living abroad?
Does living abroad make me more interesting? 
Success coaching designed for skilled immigrants 

Authentic Journeys: Bridging Culture on Virtual Teams

We help build effective, culturally competent global teams with focus on the cultures of the USA and India. Jennifer Kumar, Managing Director, an American citizen, has almost 10 years experience living, studying and working (owning a business) in India. Authentic Journeys Consultancy is registered as a Private Limited in India (Kerala) and an LLC in the USA (Salt Lake City, Utah). We provide onsite and live-online instructor-led courses, facilitation and corporate coaching.