August 9, 2014

That Awful ‘Aw’ Sound in American English

Whichever way you spell it – o, au, aw, augh, ough, or a, the /aw/ or /ɔ/ sound is a hallmark of helping many Indians perfect their American accent (and sometimes English accents from other countries too).  

To me, this sound seems to be one of the most challenging sounds to make, learn, and use, simply because it does have so many spellings. And, not in all cases does ‘o’ sound like /ɔ/ or /aw/.  

To take a step back, I am using the symbols /aw/ and /ɔ/ to represent this sound. The symbol /aw/ is easily recognizable as this symbol is made up of actual letters, and is used to help people pronounce words correctly in online dictionaries such as dictionary.com. The symbol /ɔ/ however, does look even a bit alien as it looks like the alphabet ‘c’ written backwards. But, it is actually the symbol used in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to symbolize this sound. I tell my students that the IPA is like an alphabet used to write any language phonetically. For instance, we may use the Roman, Devanagri, or Malayalam scripts in our local areas, but internationally, the IPA can be used to represent sounds in any language and standardize the alphabet (so to speak).

Tips on making this sound:
  • Lips are wide along the face, mouth opens flat, and the jaws drop.
  • Tip of tongue is on the bottom of the mouth, but the tongue rises towards the back of the mouth.
  • There is a vibration in the back of the throat.
  • The sound can be sustained.
  • Typically, this vowel is longer than others and is given more stress.
Here is a video to demonstrate how to make this sound:

Examples (the letters in bold get the /aw/ or /ɔ/ sound):
  • Typically, when a word ends with ‘aughty’, the ‘t’ sounds like a ‘d’ in spoken English.
  • Two exceptions to the “augh” rule here are “laugh” and “draught”. Here the “augh” is pronounced as “aef.” This “ae” sound comes in words such as: and, am, an, at, as, gas, etc.

In this category of words, the ‘a’ sounds like the /aw/ or /ɔ/, and the ‘l’ is not pronounced:
Talk, Walk, Chalk, Balk.

Here's a video to help you practice:


American First Names with the /aw/ or /ɔ/ sound:
Dawn, Shawn (Sean)*, Donna, Ross, Maude, Paul, Saul

*Take note that Shawn and Sean are pronounced the same way, though they are spelled differently. It is pronounced as ‘sh- aw –n’.

American Last / Family Names with the /aw/ or /ɔ/ sound:
Crawford, Lawson, Hall, Ross, Moss, Foster, Walker

*The "l" in "Walker" and also in "walk" is silent. The words "walk" and "wok" are pronounced the same in American English.

Incidentally, the ‘au’ in ‘Authentic Journeys’ also has the /aw/ or /ɔ/ sound!

Cultural references:
The sound ‘aw’ exaggerated as ‘aaaaww’ is used when someone thinks someone or something is cute or adorable. For instance, ‘Aaawww, that puppy is so cute.’ Or ‘Awwwww, your baby is adorable.’

More Pronunciation practice:

Listen to how ‘Water’ is pronounced - slow, medium, and fast:
(Notice how the ‘t’ becomes a ‘d’ when the word ‘water’ is pronounced fast)


Listen to how ‘Long’ is pronounced - slow, medium, fast:
(Notice how even when pronounced fast, the ‘aw’ sound is still emphasized.)

Related posts:
Synonyms for Horrible (including ‘awful’)
How to Pronounce American Sounds P and B
How to Pronounce American English Sounds V and W

Author Jennifer Kumar is a native American English speaker living in Cochin, India helping Indians to communicate better with their American counterparts. Check out her American Accent Training Program or contact us today.

Chris Sufi is a freelance editor who lives in Bangalore, India. 

Networked blogs link: http://nblo.gs/H7DHm

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